Python is, as indicated by official python tutorial, the first document most Python newbies encounter, a dynamically typed language. While developing I learned to not worry about small details and let duck typing to do it’s thing.
Understanding the purpose of
range is a simple matter. You give it point at which you want your arithmetic progression terminate and optionally what number your sequence should begin with and amount by which every consecutive number in the sequence should increase.
>>> list(range(0, 10, 3)) 0, 3, 6, 9] [
All is fine and good until you decide you want your sequence to increase in steps of . I shall try it out by simply passing a
0.1 as last argument.
>>> range(0, 1, 0.1) Traceback (most recent call last):"<input>", line 1, in <module> File TypeError: 'float' object cannot be interpreted as an integer
Strangely enough this behaviour is intentional and there are no traces of code to support any kind of dynamism for this function. The reason of course is performance. Otherwise nobody would use them in their highly optimised, tight loops, right? On the other hand inaccuracy of some data types as pointed out by StackOverflow community might be yet another reason.
Now, in case you do not have any problems with pulling in whole
numpy library as a dependency you can use
numpy.arange. Otherwise you might simulate it with list comprehensions or
>>> [x / 10 for x in range(0, 10)] 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9] [>>> list(map(lambda x: fractions.Fraction(x, 10), range(0, 10))) 0, 1), Fraction(1, 10), Fraction(1, 5), Fraction(3, 10), [Fraction(2, 5), Fraction(1, 2), Fraction(3, 5), Fraction(7, 10), Fraction(4, 5), Fraction(9, 10)] Fraction(
This solution is functional and terse, however, it is neither convenient nor beautiful. Python could do better job here! A wrapper function using regular
range given integers and falling back to slower code for everything else sounds reasonable. At least people would not need to map over values to get them in form they need.